|++Why the A-bomb was dropped on Hiroshima?++|
|++The Manhattan Project++|
In August 1942, the United States launched the Manhattan Project to produce an atomic bomb. In September 1944, the decision was made to use the new weapon against Japan. On July 16, 1945, the United States successfully carried out the world's first nuclear weapon test in the desert of New Mexico, a mere three weeks before the weapon was dropped on Hiroshima.
By May 1945, Germany had surrendered and the tide of the war had turned overwhelmingly in the favor of the Allied Forces.
|Three factors probably led to the hurried dropping of the A-bombs:
|++Reasons for Selecting Hiroshima++|
By the end of the war, most of Japan's major cities had been destroyed by U.S. air attacks. Hiroshima was still intact. The reasons Hiroshima was chosen as the target for the A-bombing are assumed to be the following.
|++Targets for the A-bombing++|
|++The American decision-making process 1945++|
|April...The following regions were selected
for study as potential targets: Tokyo Bay, Kawasaki, Yokohama, Nagoya,
Osaka, Kobe, Kyoto, Hiroshima, Kure, Yahata, Kokura, Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi,
Kumamoto, Fukuoka, Nagasaki, Sasebo.
May...A-bomb targets were narrowed to Kyoto, Hiroshima and Niigata.
June...Kyoto was scratched from the list. Targets were Kokura, Hiroshima and Niigata.
July(25th) Order to drop on Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, Nagasaki.
(31st) Hiroshima was chosen as a priority target.
August (1st) Niigata was scratched from the list.
(3rd) Final order set the day of attack as August 6 -- Hiroshima, Kokura and Nagasaki were targets.
(6th) A-bombing on Hiroshima.
(9th) A-bombing on Nagasaki.
|++Watch stopped at 8:15++|
The time of 8:15 a.m., August 6th, 1945 is an eternally memorable moment for the world as well as for Hiroshima.
|++Panorama before and after the bombing++|
++Before the Bombing++
>>The night before the A-bombing (August 5)
From the evening of August 5, 1945, to the early morning of August 6, sirens and air-raid warnings were sounded frequently. City residents passed a fitful night. On the morning of August 6, the alarms finally stopped, the all-clear siren sounded, and that morning began like any other, with people hurrying to work and with those mobilized for demolition work heading to their assigned sites.
++After the bombing++
>>The atomic bombing (August 6).
8:15 A.M., August 6, 1945, Hiroshima was a picturesque, quiet city. Then with a blinding flash and a deafening roar, a single bomb burned into to the ground. An entire city was instantly destroyed beyond recognition.
Nearly all people and buildings within a two-kilometer radius of the hypocenter were killed or destroyed. By the end of the year approximately 140,000 were dead or missing, nearly half of the almost 350,000 residents.